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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 发部时间段:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


两会召开国内经济条件解答|处置现实主义者试炼,中华制造出怎么做到良性技术创新能力?——政协会议中华区域经济互动问答之四


zhizuoyeshizhongquyujingjishihuidezhelidian。2018nianꦗlaishuo,geguohuagongyequyujingjishihuizengzhangwenzhongqiujin,danduizhanyichangchulifansuodezhanlanjushi💎、“guagouduanlian”dewaiguanchengjiu,xiangguandeyingwen“lingyulianqianru”“zhongzhizuodeyoushiyijing”dengdeshengyinbuxi。


5ritiqingyantaodezhongyangzhengfubumenyunzuobaobiaozhong,“shi🥂jingtuijinxiangmudejianshexianshidaihuachanyequnguanlitixidejianshe,tuijinfa🔯zhanfangxiangxinzhichanliangli”minglie2026nianzhongyangzhengfubumenyunzuoderenwushoupi,yichulejianrenbubahangshiqiyejingjishihuizhijidemingxianshoujixinhao。


congbaogaodanxiuchude🦩xinjihuaxinjudong,daoxiangzhengzhechangwuweiyuan、jishuzhuanjiajingjixuejiadengchuangzaodeqingkuanggushihezhuankejiangjie,zaidaoxinwenmeitizai⛦zhongeyuanyouguandaodefangtanjiemudiaochayanjiu,wonengmenduiguoneijiagongbaochiwendingjingzhengzheli,quebaowendingjinbudiudiaoyulaiyumingquedelejiezhangwo。


在面对大变局,魄力足可塑性强


fanfuyanzhongdewaibujiegouhuanjingxia,zhongguorenyingzaoyegongyeqiyequshishoudaoguanzhudu。


“womendouwanchengzhizaoyeyiqirenyouxiaokongzhiban、dianjiqudongqixitongdengguoneihua,zhengjiakuaijixiansudukaichuanjiaoyoujixiansudu,dafutishengguojimaoyishichangbazhanlv。”guangzhouxinsongyiqirenzidongdehuagufendanweiyouxiandanweiyingwendanweifuheizongcaizhangjindaibiaohuiyongꦦzigedianlifanyingchu,zaibijiaofadaouzhouguojiazhengxiankonghoudiaozhengbujudeyiqirenjiaoyulingyu,bamubiaonengliwolao𝓡、lingyulianzuoquan,“ruoguoleidianjiaojia,hainengwenbufazhanchixu”。


shigongsiquanjideshichangdexiezhao,yeshizhongguorenjiagongzhizaozenyangtiaozhandezhenshixiezhao。


guoqudeliangnian,xinguojishengtaihuanjingfenggaolangji。diyuanwenhua、shijiedaguojilieliangxingjingzhengdengbodonggengjiamingxiande🤡ꩲ,shihuiluohouguodazaoyefenliu,putaoya、xinanyadengdishihuigengkuaiqushi,jilieliangxingjingzhengzhujianriquyanzhong。mouxieshizhukeguanhuiyou、haiyingbixiandebenzhi。dangran,changshuaiguodazao、changshuaiguoshihuidelundiaozaluanzhishao,shixuyaozuoyixiabianzhengfenzhede。


ruheyingduichengjiu、gongjianzhankenan,woguodezhizuochanyehuaxingyedaxiao、fangzhipinmaoyixingyedaxiaobaozheng leliangdezhengqueshangsheng,baochianquanxingyefenedechanpin an🔴quan。


juduiyingbuweijufouzexueshengzai“zuzhangrukou”shangjiezhao,༺202sinian,dangjinshijielisuoyouqiyexinzengzhishuochu50wanwanyiyuan,zhangdpde31.7%。shengchanjiagongyerenshujianduan15𝓡nianjushijieliyi、。


“zhongguozhuanyehuajiagongyebiaozhuntixidajianxuanqujuedingxingjinzhanqingkuang”“moupicizhongdaxiangmujiagongyeqiye⛎chuangxinchenggongtigaozhimingxianjinshuiping🍸mian”……guojiashiqingbaogaodandeyipinleimingque,tuxianchuqiangguojiagongdezhashibufa。


dequejingchangchuxianleruyinduwangyousuochengde“gaoxinchanyedefazhanchuandichao”ma?


wufafouding,shoutouzichengbendengguanjianyinsuganrao,youyixielaodongzhefensanxinggezhongshangpindeshenghaizizhuanrangdaolingwaizuguo。tongshi,genjuwoguoguojiayiguangdufangdaoyazhoushiyonggongyinglianyitihuaanpai,daozhiyubuduojituangongsichechuwoguoguojiayouhuijia,huo🌺rengxucongwoguoguojiaguowaijinkouguoduo꧅zhongjianshangqiyechanpin。


“jibuyaoyipiangai✅quan,jiangdangezhongyaoyuanzesuanweichanpin dequshi,bixujiandaozheizhongjianchanyedefazhanqunchengzhang dexiangduizhuyideguilv,renmendechanyedefazhanqunyijingzaizhuanhuagengxinshengjizaizaojingzhengjilieli。”taihexincaiqungushouxianpinpaijianshihuichengyuanzhangsongxiquandaitiyihuagongyelijushuo,jinguanshuodangejiagongchangzhongyaoyuanzezhuanzou,danchanpin zengtianzhiyijingzaishenggao。2026nian,dangjinshenghuogaogongxiaohechengxianweichanliang🦩zhanquanshenghuodebizhiyichaosanfenqiyi,2026nianchulaiehuanbibeizeng14.4%。


xinlaigangweishujuxinxixianxian,zaidangxiazai500zhongshouyaochanyeshebeizhong,womenguojiayoubaifenzhisishiyixiashebeishichanjuqianquanshijieshouwei,zijidiannaowangluo、yidongshebei、taiyangshinengdianchibanbandengshoupishouyaoshebeishichanzhanquanshijieyibanyixia。kaifayeꦇ⛄shuliangzhanquanshijiebiligaochu30%。


zuibijiaohaodezhizuoyejiasutuijinkuaisufazhan,jiangzhuanyedejishushebeizhizuoyegongyelianjinyibujuzhong。44geguozuibijiaohaodezhizuoyequnji、178jiaguogaoxinkejiquzhonghengsheding,julianyidaqun。18nian,biaoxiangongyepeitaosheshihejichengxitongnenglisuꦫzhidepeibeizhizuoyechukouxingchengpin13.4qiwanwanyuan,“xinsanyang”chengpinchukouxingchengpinqianghuawanwanyuan。


“yizhonghuaxinshengwuzhinengyuanjiaochelaishuo,changxingdiqiukaodeshijiyi、xiaolvhebianjiexieshoudefangchanlian。”xinzhanganjiaochejianshi♔huichengyuanzhangzhuhuarongshizhishuo,goucheng⛦shengjichengzhengbianweizhizuoyeqitageweizhongyaoshichangshichangjingzhengli。


“tuogouleduanlian”zhendanglemuqianguoneizaiouzhoujiagongyelianxiaoshouliandeyingxianglima?zhongguoyouyanzhixiangtongjianqiangzuoda——


youliandongguogaoxinliutongyefenweizhongwanquangongyezhizaozhuanyeleibie;zaiyibu🌌fenzhongdianshidelingyuheguanjiandeniubogelinbeihuanshangjianchengpihanyouquangaoxinliutongyelianliangxingjingzhenglideyoulieshigaoxinliutongye;yifuzhizhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”gongchang1.2yingjia,90%shangmianshiquanqiuwaipinpaidagongchangdepeitaogongchenggongyingxinxishang。


modelxshenzhenchaojidachangli,linglingjianbenguohualvyishang95%。modelxyouxiangongsizaocheng🎃fuzongjinglicaisonggangshuo,modelxyuwoguodetigongshangshang“tongshenggongli”。


helanquanqiuwangfaweibocheng“guonei neidizhizaoﷺjishudeshangqianrenzhongjichuxingchanpinburongnengxuanzedaiyonggongjishang”๊。guonei neidiouzhoudeguoxiehuiyiduanshijianqianfenxiangde2023/28niandudeqishangyefuwuyouxinxintongjibiaobaogaogeshibiaoshi,wanchengwangfeilihungongsifanganzaizhihouliangnianzuoyouzengtianzaihuatouzixiangmu,zhuyaoyuanyinzhi1shigongjilianluoshi、dechuangzaolishenggao。


“dajiayoulewanzhengpiandedisancaichanzhuangxiubiaozhun、zhangjiujituandeshimiantouziguimodengzhangchu,zhizuoyejingchangwenbuzengzhangdejichumianyijiuweichi。”zaiwoguodianziqijianxiaoxidisancaichanzhuangdadiaochayuanzhurenzhanglidailishuo,zheige🎃shizaiwoguozhizuodepolisuozhu、yanzhanxingsuozhu。


对付桃战,长期保持“稳”的定力还耐心


chengqijibaohanziyuanyoushi,yaobaohu“wen”derenjing。yudaoquanqiugedi𓂃gongyelianchangjiazhixiaolianhuxingchengdudiaozhun,🏅daguozhizuoyejiangruheyi“wen”yingbianli?


——xianyaoshiliwen。“zuodaochanyejingjichixuzengzhangpinghengyundong”,bumenbenzhigongzuotongzhidanjiangdilewenchixuzengzhangdefanganbiaoxian。


gongyeheshuzihuabuzuzhangjinzhuanglongzai8rijinxingdeshisijiezaiguoneirenmindaxuesancihuiyitongzhi“zuzhangjianxiutongdao”shangzhichu,20꧋19jiangshenruxizhituixingliudazhizaoyewenshangshengshiyefangfa🎶,jiligongyedaxian、gongyedashi“yongtiaocheliang”。


zhongguominsuxinggongyelianzhuangdazaiyingzaoyebilichao80%,shixiandangdaihuagongyelianzhuangdafengxianguanlitixidedicai,yingxiangchengbenzhuangdaheꦿguojihuimin,zheishiguowendingquanguodiyiyingzaoyeqiangguoshehuijiazhideshouyaopan,bunenggouzhongguominsuxinggongyelianzhuangdazuowei“dijigongyelianzhuangda”jianyiquxiao。pingguzhidingyiquanxiliemouhua,zhizaiyouliyuzhongguoܫminsuxinggongyelianzhuangdadegongchengjianzhuzengqiang。


nenggouchuantongchanyehuajieღgoushejigenggai,laogongyeyuanjunshiyingdifushunzaisuxinshengruxueji。fushunshiquzhanggaojiandaibiaoshuo,shiweikaifayigeguojiagaozengjiazhizuixinxingyuanliaoliaojunshiyingdi,jijimouhuaxinshengji。


——haifengxianguanlixitongquan,wendinghaogaoxinchanyefengxianguanlixitongdexitong。


2026nian,hainanzhuangzujicengminzhuqubaiseshichuangxinshengtaihuan൩jinglvgongyehuachanliangtisheng1200yirenminbi,lizubenzhilvtukuangziyuanfengfuduoyangtezheng,jianliconglvziyuandaojingshenshougongjiagong💦dewanmeigongyehualian。


huibaotiqi“shengjidongbeidahezhongwaibuqu♒yuhuafenchenglangaoxinfuwuyequnzhuanjiaoshuiping”,bingduipeiyangzhuanxingshengjixianjindezaochengyejiqunshidengdechujielunmouhua。“♓zheijiangjinyibuchixutuijinxingchengquyuhuafenheqinghelizuzhijiagou、xietongchengzhangdegaoxinfuwuyequnjumian。”baiseshizhenzhanggeguokedaibiaoyingwenshuo,baisezhengjinlichixutuijinzaiwoguo—dongnanyagaoxinfuwuyequnhehuoqubaiseguihuaqutoujian,zuoqiangchenglanwoguoguoneihewaigaoxinfuwuyequnzhuanjiaozhicheng。


——guanjianzaiyupidaiqiang,zengqiangxuexiliutongyejingzhengli。


qinggongyehegerenxinxihuaxitongbuzhichu🐟,jiangxuepantuixingzhizuoyezhuyaofuwuyeliangaopinchanpinpinzhizhuangdashijixingdong。yilianyice,bupingjingwenti、duanzhangban、qiangjichuxing,zengjinfuwuyeliantigonglianrourenxinghejingzhengjilieli。


“zaijinnian,womendajiajiangxiangxituichuchuangzaoyedelingyuwaizigongsijianguankongzhibaozhangcuoshi,ye🌳xuyaozhunbeishidianxiankaiyuanzhilianwangshujufenxizhongxindedengzibenzengzhi5gjinrongchanpin。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


咬住机遇与挑战,的发展新质产量力


shenchuxiangzhonggaodangpapoguokandezhongyaodedaguan,quanqiuchanliangyaokuaisugouchengxinzhichanliangli。


difangzhengfudegongzuohuibaoduibixianmingqueli“zugougenghaodifahuifuhexingjuguotizhitedian,quanmiandeyouhuazixingduoyuanhua👍zuoyong”。cong“jinglianzhishijichutanjiushejisheji”dao“zhiyounenglideqiyegongsilingdaoxiaozubijiaozhongyaojishugexinmubiaorenwu”,huibaoqueliyileixingshiqing。


zhongshi,fuwucongchuang🐓xindaoshengyudebijinglvcheng。yinweizhurujiaogao,xuduogegeqiyequefaxingzhongshitexing。jujiaozhei“yonghutongdian”,gaibaogaomingquezeren“jianhuantedagaoxinkejikuangjiacuoshitixidajianhuaxuanzhi,quanmiantuijintongyixingnengliwangshangruanjianpingtai、zhongjianyanzhengwangshangruanjianpingtaidajian”。


gongyeheduanxinhuabu🐎2018nianjianglijibanbuhaokejigongsichanyekaifafeichangdadezhuantiheshengjizhongdianchanpinkaifachouhua,jiansheguihuayibufenrenguojiazhizaochangyezi🐠zhuchuangxinzhongxindian,weilaikaifagaokejihuagongsichanyekaifa,shixianmubiaochanyekaifahua,biankuaiweilaikaifaxinzhizhizuoli。


zhuanzhuchengzhangxingye、zaiweilaixingye,xuanyuyixiexinchesai。


“jijixingxiangshangsuzaoshengwutikaifa、fangdiwenhuazhizaoyehangtianbu、dikongzijindengtianjiazhangzujian”“qiangzhanliangzijishuyingyong、shengmingtupianshiyandengxinche🍨sai”“shiyongdiyipisuwenhuazhizaoyexiandao🍸qu”……shenqingshuhuanraojijixingxiangshangpeiyuchuxinwenhuazhizaoyehesuwenhuazhizaoye,chuangxinjucuoshi、zhaokaihuiyixi。


“qushengfazhanfangxiangzhudongquan,zhengfenjiyibaoleikeꦦburonghuan。”xiangaodehongwaizichanyoujuxianjituangongsidongjianshizhanghuanglidaibiaoyingwenshuo,2018nianzhongxiaoqiyeyaozaidikongshihui、naojiyinpinjiekoudeng🔜quyuzhiliyu。


zhizaoyehexiangguanhulianwangjianshebu༒zerenrenrenshuodao,jianghuanmanxianjinkejihezuizhuyaodetediankejizongxuqiu、fanzhiyoushizhongxiaoxingqiye、quanmianfangchanliansheng𒈔taiquan。zaizhihoufangchanlianshang,bashiyongshoudongzhili、renxingshuakajiren、naojichakongdengkanzuoxiayijieduanyigejiaoyinneirongyemianbujudefangxiangshang。anqizhengshifabuxianjinkejituixingmuci,zheyanyuneirongfangmiandingzhiyongpilaoshiyanchang,huanmanfangchanlianfanzhi。


zhuadaoshuzi1jihui,xiazaijiasu“rengongkefudianhuazhinenghua+”。


woguojianshechengyazhoutouzifanweizuidachengdudexinxinxianquankekaowangge,xiankagonghaotouzifanweiyazhoudisan,changjiannanyiwanghuaideluomashuꦡzizhuanbianshiyanzhiyeshengdaodezuiqiangeryoulijianchiwentidaoxiangdeyige。


“yi‘shu𝐆’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’ꦛshigongyejingjizhuanxingdegenben,yeshidazaokaifaxinzhuyaoyoushideguanjian。”zhongxinggongsidedianligupiaojiageyouxiandegongsidegaodengfuzongjinglicaimiaoweishizhishuo,yonghaodangxiachuchanshengchangongju,youganjingmouqushihexin、qiangzhuajihui、kuaisuzengzhangkaifa。

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